The understanding of education is the process of changing the attitudes and behaviors of a person or group of people in an effort to conduct human beings through teaching and training efforts; process, manner, educational deeds.
When it comes to education people will tend to think about school or college.
In fact, the understanding of education is not only related to the school. Tutors who you call home to help learn are also part of the education.
So, what exactly does education mean? Are schools, families, and neighborhoods also part of education as well?
Definition and Definition of Education
According to the Great Dictionary of Bahasa Indonesia, Education is a process of changing the attitudes and behaviors of a person or group of people in an effort to understand people through teaching and training efforts; process, manner, educational deeds.
Regarding the definition of education, many experts try to explain it, some of them such as:
Ki Hajar Dewantara
Education is the process of guiding all the natural forces that exist in students’ children, so that they as human beings and as members of society can achieve the highest salvation and happiness.
Carter V Good
Education is the process of developing individual proficiency in societal attitudes and behaviors.
Martinus Jan Langeveld
Education is an effort to help children to be able to perform their life tasks independently in order to be morally responsible.
Based on the Laws of the Republic of Indonesia, in general the purpose of Indonesian education is to educate Indonesian people.
Through human education it is expected to be knowledgeable, creativity, physical and spiritual health, good personality, self-reliance, and responsibility.
So that the product of this understanding of education will have functions as revealed by David Popenoe, namely:
Transmission (transfer) of culture.
Choose and teach social roles.
Ensuring social integration.
The school teaches personality patterns.
A source of social innovation.
Types of education in Indonesia
Types of education can be grouped into three types, 1) Formal education, 2) Non-formal education, and 3) Informal education
Formal education is what we routinely live by. Education through tiered stages such as elementary school, junior high school, high school, university, and so on.
Non-formal education is outside of formal education that can be done in tiers. Examples include Learning Guidance Institutions, Workshops, Playing Groups, and so on.
Informal education is an education that can be done independently, can be from family, environment, school, and others. Examples of this education are customs, manners, religion, ethics, and morals.